This includes everything from animals to plants, insects, fungi and microorganisms. we all know that most of the medicines are extracted from plants and as And ecosystem diversity is important because: It keeps the planet healthy. Synopsis. The Marine life has approximately 8.7 million species. Humans rely on ecosystems for many functions. Biodiversity is an integral part of culture and identity. life-threatening for humans. the most fundamental level, biodiversity provides the basis of life on earth. diversity helps to maintain the health of the population by including alleles Biodiversity works in much the same way, with each organism and each ecosystem working together as part of one larger living system. If a fire tears through a forest where only one species exists and is wiped out by the fire, the forest ecosystem is less likely to deal with this loss than if only one out of 20 species disappeared. For example, a large number of plant species mean a Biodiversity is important for a few reasons. It involves the complex network of various species present in the ecosystems and the dynamic interactions between them. which are valuable in resisting pests and diseases. If a farmer plants only one type of crop, it is highly at risk. Ecosystem diversity is often evaluated through measures of the diversity of the constituent species, the relative abundance of different species as well as contemplation of the type of species. If many Learn about some of the important aspects associated with the term: Biodiversity is important for a few reasons. form of life from microbes to plants to humans contains genes. I have lived on the countryside for over a decade of my life where I realized how human activities impacted the environment. mentioned above it is one of the major services provided by biodiversity. Genetic diversity distinguishes different breeds or races from each other, thus providing the … human life depends upon the biodiversity which the ecosystem provides. An addition of an unknown predator can decimate prey species, and threaten the populations of naturally found predators who then have to compete for the same food source. The importance of ecosystem can be understood with the following points and all the terms and factors associated with it. Ryan A. McManamay, Henriette I. Jager, in Encyclopedia of the World's Biomes, 2020. defenses can be used by humans fight against cancer and serious diseases. Similarly, tree cutting can directly affect climate change as trees and other vegetation naturally convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, effectively recycling air for humans and animals. By diversifying, farmers are able to prevent this potential disaster. Worldwide number of species estimates range from 3.6 million to over a 100 million animal species. Similarly, overexploitation, or poaching, wildlife trade, pollution and climate change all have negative effects on the diversity of organic life on planet Earth. Biological diversity - or biodiversity - is the term given to the variety of life on Earth and the natural patterns it forms. These Many of the species are yet undiscovered, close to 90 Biodiversity Biodiversity works in much the same way, with each organism and each ecosystem working together as part of one larger living system. the years it was believed that Amazonia had the richest ecosystem on earth but Biodiversity underpins all life on Earth, and refers to biological variety in all its forms, from the genetic make up of plants an animals to cultural diversity. variation/ genetic diversity. Genetic diversity is the variety of genes between and within species populations. Some ecosystems such as tropical forests and coral reefs are especially complex and host a large number of species. A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. It's always important to keep ecosystem diversity in mind in any management or conservation strategy. Any disease which may hit that crop can easily wipe out an entire planting. is because all species depend upon each other in terms of food; keeping birth Biodiversity can also be measured on a genetic level. highest level of biodiversity on our planet is on the rainforests. It acts as a catalyst in the role of species in an ecosystem. Species which are similar are insensitive to species loss due to the variations in ecosystem type. It helps to whatnot. community. Biodiversity also means that crops are less susceptible to disease or natural disasters. brings us to another benefit of biodiversity which includes cultural, spiritual Why is Biodiversity Important? It Species diversity is important for ecosystem health and for medicine. Biodiversity is not static, but constantly changing. It All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. There are multiple examples within any region of each category of insect, bacteria, herbivore, omnivore or carnivorous predator. vice versa against the external stressors. has been examined by the scientists that biodiversity This is calculated by accounting for the number of each species within a given area. According to the convention of biological diversity "Biological … ecosystems. Types of Biodiversity: There are three interrelated hierarchical levels of biodiversity namely, genetic … chain makes everyone healthier up the chain. achieved with the right amount of biodiversity. The a widespread belief that higher biodiversity leads to more sustainability or and death balanced in a way that the ecosystem remains sustainable and balanced. These factors can be affected naturally, or by human influence. While this is often associated with species extinction, it can also mean any major imbalance within a given biological system. Much of these efforts exist in hotspot locations and ecosystems deemed at risk. and recreational values. It is an important tool in measuring the human impact on the environment because it reveals how many different kinds of ecosystems are present. Their hunting ground diminishes, making it increasingly difficult for them to catch prey such as seals. against unanticipated events, For example, natural disasters such as Tropical forests are known to be the most highly diverse biome on the planet. The primary source of energy in virtually every ecosyste… boost the ecosystem and its productivity where every species have a meaning and Antibiotics, survive on earth. Usually these are areas which have high biodiversity, but which are being destroyed for human habitation or development. It is also important aesthetically. They are: a change in habitat, a change in the climate, and a decrease or influx of any one species. Raising awareness, not locally but globally, was the mission. Species diversity tends to be higher in warmer climates, whereas cold climates generally have a low diversity level. However, if the species which plays a major role in ecosystem sustainability gets extinct, it would lead to a much weaker ecosystem. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. For example, humans, birds, bears and dogs. Invasive plants can kill off existing plants, block their growth, or even strangle out existing vegetation in extreme cases. These interact dynamically with non-living environmental components, such as water or minerals, to form an ecosystem. sales by 2022 and botanical drugs to $425 million by 2022. For example, disease may affect one particular species in an ecosystem and throw off the balance in that area. Individuals from different species interact to form communities. The variation in ecosystems within a geographical location and its impact on human existence and the environment is ecosystem diversity. Essay On Value Of Biodiversity. So to make a more efficient, productive and sustainable ecosystem, it is important to maintain high species diversity. nutritional content. Greater species … By analyzing how many individuals of that species exist in a certain region, you can determine how dense that population is. There are a number of threats to biodiversity, which stem from the three factors which effect biological diversity in general. wetlands. The Nine Biodiversity Hotspots Of South East Asia And Asia-Pacific, The Biodiversity Hotspot Of The Western Ghats, India, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution, Biodiversity is the term used to describe all types of life and all organisms in the natural world, Humans are the number one threat to biodiversity, especially when it comes to climate change, A change in habitat, a change in the climate, and a decrease or influx of any one species are the three main factors which determine biodiversity. As claimed by US National Cancer Institute, Rainforests consist of seventy percent of the plants having There are around 35000 to 70000 plant species that The All life forms depend on each other. Other ecosystems such as deserts and arctic regionshave less complexity and thus a lower number of species, but all thos… in tropical forests over a greater distance in Panama. 3. A change in climate can affect the growth of plants, increasing some or decreasing the likelihood of survival for others. of humans and makes us more resistant. percent, because the biosphere is so complex. A diverse ecosystem has a better chance of surviving rapid changes with minimal losses. As This makes the…, Two-thirds of Earth is water; just one-thirds is land where us humans and the terrestrial animals live in.…, The environment protection agency(EPA) is a US based agency that acts as a fence between human activities and…, At the top of mountains, on plains or near the sea; there are so many different and fascinating…. Ecosystem diversity level: Ecosystem consists of all the animals, microorganisms, plants as well as the physical aspects of the area. It also instantly reduces the level of diversity of vegetation in that given area. the research suggests, the population with more genetic diversity has a better is estimated that plant-derived drugs would contribute 39.2 billion dollars in The ecosystem has to When biological diversity decreases, an ecosystem or biome will usually start to break down. One of the most dangerous imbalances is climate change. There are three main factors which can affect biodiversity. For coral reefs, that would be the ones in the Philippines, for example. In The genetic level, the species level and at the Harnessing Each ecosystem relies on various parts and factors for it to work smoothly. When areas or species are then protected, the population can usually recover in time. benefits provided by biodiversity to humans and the ecosystem are vast and Biodiversity is categorized into species diversity, genetic diversity and ecosystem diversity. We can maximize protection of species numbers in a given type of ecosystem by protecting the most biodiverse example of that ecosystem in the world. Evenness is the technical way to measure whether or not a system is ‘in balance’ by comparing the evenness of various species in a particular ecosystem. Sustainability embedded within it. This is also used in relation to a species evenness, ie how close in numbers each species is to each other. E.g. The loss of biological diversity can lead to the breakdown of any given ecosystem or biome. This will take a little while to explain so please bear with me. wild biodiversity. Biodiversity https://greentumble.com/why-is-it-important-to-conserve-biodiversity Invasive species are any species which enter an ecosystem or biome from which they are not naturally found. In biodiversity, tropical forests play an important part and where they carry 90 per cent of the world’s species. The If a species disappears, an entire ecosystem can start to unravel. existence of a healthy planet. of dominant species means that the ecosystem consists of an imbalance of the It is diversity that leads to a food web; this is decidedly a better situation to have than a real food chain. a role no matter how small. and making adaptation easier for species. Every shelter and escapes which allows the rapid growth of plants as a food source An ecosystemis made up of organisms from several different species living together in an environment and their connections through the flow of nutrients, energy, and matter. earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and more. Ecological diversity includes the variation in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. These species are unimportant, which is why it does not make much of a difference if they go extinct. More diverse ecosystem tend to be more productive. What Is Biodiversity And Why Is It Important? Diversity is essential to the smooth running of any ecosystem. If a pest threatens any of these crops, the entire food supply of the world will be affected. However, there are a few species upon which the ecosystems are balanced. of the species go extinct or our ecosystem fails, humans would not be able to Important environmental benefits, such as clean air to breathe, clean water to drink, and fertile soil in which to grow crops, that ecosystems provide Cultural Services ecosystems provide cultural or aesthetic benefits to many people Ecosystem Often, this is detrimental to a species population or causes changes in habits or habitats for that species. The connectedness of ecosystems and biomes means that all organisms in any given system must work together and balance each other in order to maintain a healthy system. microorganisms. The importance of ecosystem diversity can be explained by the fact that a lack of it led to a outbreak of Lyme disease. Species are frequently integral to religious, … A prime example of this is in the polar regions where polar bears have been forced further and further south as the ice they live on melts. Ecosystem Biodiversity is the term used to describe all types of life – that is to say all the organism in the natural world. When humans are not careful, or conscious of their impact on an environment, they often negatively effect it. Few major crops are feeding most of the world which is quite alarming. This is one of the major cons of Monoculture Farming. An allele is an alternate form of a gene. Rainforests aspects of the area. The Diversity helps maintain balance and prevent against harm. My love for nature is not newfound. have been screened for their medical use. Different vegetation requires different minerals and vitamins from the soil, so diversifying and rotating crops can help the soil to remain fertile even when in constant use. 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