types of drill bits for wood

Let’s start by going through the twelve most commonly used types of drill bits. As such, they are considered a “must-have” for DIYers who use their drill for a variety of uses from job to job. So, I ended up listing the most commonly used drill bits that you need to know about. This is the type that people most commonly use for drilling in wood, light metal, and plastic materials. With wood drilling, the type of bit material and coating isn’t as important as the drill bit’s design. Welcome to the world of drills and drill-buying. But at the same time, you should also understand the finer details of a drill’s hardest working components – its bits. Standard Twist Metal Drill Bits - This is the most common drill bit available, for straightforward drilling into all types of metal. This greatly contributes to overall deep boring results. Similar to the self-feed bits, this one also comes with a screw tip that digs the hole and pushes the bit through the material. In terms of construction, multi-purpose bits utilize the same shank, shaft, and (in most cases) tip as a masonry bit. As the tip makes boring through workpieces a lot easier, it’s named a self-feed drill bit. Their price is also very attractive, and should be taken into account while searching for great wood drill bits. When the projects require you to deal with extremely tough materials, solid carbide bits are the worthy component of such workpieces. This is the bit type that you will need for concealing recessed. The carbon steel construction with vanadium and chromium additives make them strong and durable enough for general purposes usage. HSS drill bits are best for PVC & low-density woods. This one is a versatile bit that you can use on other materials such as metal, ceramic, and masonry. Wood Drill Bits: Some drill bits are made for wood. Doing so will help you grow your arsenal over time and ensure that you always have a bit with the right size, shape, and strength to complete the job satisfactorily. The single-spur construction of these bits creates a fairly smooth hole, while their threaded tip reduces the amount of force that must be exerted by the user. To be specific, you should look to purchase a set of masonry bits that are optimized for stone and concrete drilling jobs. If countersink bits are what you need, check my favorites here. These types of drill bits allow drilling at very low revolutions of the tool rotation. Hopefully, you got your concept clear about various types of drill bits for wood. For much the same reason, these bits can also be used to drill through ceramic materials. When it comes to choosing a material for said drill bits, high-speed steel is always a solid option that is as reliable as it is affordable. This is the most basic type of drill bit that often comes packed with a drill itself. Wood Drill Bits – Drill bits that are designed for drilling into wood can usually be made from softer metals. However, if you’re going to keep any type of drill bit close at hand for your wood-related projects, then be sure to keep a set of twist and auger drill bits in your tool chest. These are ideal for drilling on masonry and concrete surfaces. For occasional and light-duty projects, this should suffice the needs. Usually these come in a set of 10-12 bits, in a range of sizes, and they cost around £10-15 for the set. Some of these are 18 inches long. Some bits also have cobalt and HSS alloy, to be more re-enforced. From time to time, you might need to pull the bit out periodically to clean the dust and chips. When used properly, these tips can safely work through wood, plastic, metal, tile, and more. Carbide is formed by combining metal with carbon. Even though step drill bits are mostly used for drilling thin metals, you can use it on wooden surfaces as well. As the name suggests, wood drill bits help drill holes in wooden objects/surfaces. After which a diamond tipped hole saw called a core drill is more suitable. Twist drill bits are an all-around great option for boring wood holes that are even and moderately clean, while auger bits excel at creating extra-large wood holes that are extra clean. Twist Drill Bits. Those who have never drilled into wood or metal probably don’t realize having the right drill bit matters. When you need to drill through tougher materials, go for cobalt made bits. If you buy a standard set of drill bits, they'll most likely be HSS. All things considered, these are just a few of the most common drill bit types that you are likely to find at your local hardware store. These are probably the most common drill bit type designed for handy home use. However, this effect can only be achieved when utilized with a rotary drill operating at a low RPM. Cobalt drill bits are extremely hard and dissipate heat quickly. Since they can also be used for cast iron, copper, and even aluminium die steel alloy steel, they are one of the best drill bits for hardwood. These bits only come in a few basic sizes, though, and even come in variations optimized for both wood and metal. When you are done drilling through the wall or other surfaces, insert the wire into its small hole, and draw it back through the bored hole. These drill bits are made of titanium, which is a suitable material for smooth drilling. That’s why these are the most expensive bits on the market. So, the drill bit starts with the pilot hole size, then it increases in diameter. Thus, you need to pull it back periodically to clear the dust and chips. In particular, you should look for a set with carbide tips because these will best be able to resist wear caused by heat build-up during the boring process. If you are looking for an all-purpose bit for home use, this would be the right choice. However, if you’re looking for an even more durable option, pay a little extra and buy titanium bits. It would be better to have a clear understanding of what these bits are made of. However, don’t think that this means that you need to buy these all at once. Have you heard about the screw pilot bit? Availablemachinery.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Its stepped design allows you to drill holes of different diameters as there are steps etched into the bit. Twist drill bits, also known as “ Carbon steel ” bits, are adequate for woodwork. Drilling tools are essential, and should be found in every modern home.. From the chairs, tables, cabinets and every other equipment’s in our home, everything were all just pieces of woods and metal till we decided to pull out the tool boxes, power drills and drill bits and piece them all together. Mr. Maxwell’s video gave you a sneak peek into the world of drills, and we’ll be expanding on that world in this guide.Buying a drill can seem like a simple process—until you begin to shop for one. Also, those shanks often feature a tip at both ends, allowing a user to double the number of holes they drill before replacing a bit. To do that, you’ll need to learn all about the various types of drill bits available today. High-speed steel (HSS) drill bits can drill wood, fiberglass, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and soft metals such as aluminum. Wood drill bits are, obviously, used for drilling wood. This one got a screw tip that helps to position the bit, and further draws the bit through wooden materials. We will describe all of them here. However, we have various types of woods and so, we have various types of wood drill bits. Amazon, the Amazon logo,AmazonSupply, and the AmazonSupply logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Tile bits are often known as diamond bits because their cylindrical tips are coated in microscopic diamonds that allow for seamless boring through fragile tiles and porcelain. What stands out to be different in these bits is that you can drill lengthy holes in thicker woodpieces or timbers. They're mostly used for boring in aluminum and tough metals such as stainless steel. But, most people use it to countersink fasteners and install plugs over the fastener’s head. The blade of the bit is flat and comes to a point at the tip to help burrow holes more efficiently. There are two main differences that you’ll notice that can help you spot a wood bit from a metal bit… However, brad-point bits come with a unique, W-shaped point that enables them to create very precise holes in wood. These bits also feature a carbide tip that helps disperse the rapid friction heat build-up caused when drilling through hard materials. Auger & Flat wood drill bits Both these types of drill bits are used for drilling small to medium holes in wood. If you are to also use it for dealing with ceramic tile, it should have a carbide edge. Those aren’t our concern here. In this video we explain the detail of the 3 most common and useful woodworking drill bits. Beveled edge cuts faster than standard spade bits. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Realistically, drilling any material – soft wood, steel, concrete – all require the correct drill bits, and without them you’re wasting time and reducing your power tools lifespan. Every woodworker should own these five types of drill bits.1. These bits stand out great to bore smooth and clean holes for dowels. Drill bits are often classified by the materials from which they are manufactured and the coatings applied to them. That being said, these bits often need to be replaced, despite their construction from high-speed steel. 11 Best Paint for Metal Roof in 2021 – Buying Guide, Different Types of Drill Bits for Wood and Their Uses, Vehicle Undercoating Pros and Cons – That You Must Know, Top 09 Best Tire Balancing Beads Reviews In 2021, How To Remove Heavy Oxidation From Car Paint – Proper Guide. There are many different types of drill bits in the market. In terms of material, it’s best to go with the most durable option you can afford. When it comes to choosing a material for said drill bits, high-speed steel is … Its use is in conjunction with a manual drill. It also got a pointy tip that makes it easier to position the bit precisely on workpieces. Features a sharp point along with a flattened blade to help to position as well as keeping the bit steady while drilling. These drill bits are perfect for steel staffs as they are specially designed for this job. Both metal and wood drill bits can be twist bits, with slight variations that help them glide through their materials. Spear point drill bits are among the most specialized on the market, with only glassworkers utilizing them on a regular basis. 2. They can also be used to drill a variety of different sized holes in wood while relying on a single, versatile bit. If you’re planning on drilling concrete, you’ll need to invest in some specialized bits that are suited to the task. Holes are made with a solid center, and feel more rigid and stronger. Those bits are best suited to making precise holes in metal without requiring you to invest in a whole set of different sized bits. A step drill bit is conical in shape and looks like a dull arrowhead with stair steps cut into to the untrained eye. There are many types of drill bits for steel - HSS bit, Titanium Coated or Cobalt Steel, Uni bit or Step Bit. That’s because their flat, arrow-shaped tips are able to safely bore holes in a piece of glass without damaging the pane’s structural integrity. Drill Bit Types. So, better use it with a drill press machine to drill with ease. Black oxide-coated drill bits are more durable than standard HSS bits and the … Twist bits are easy to recognize based upon their cylindrical shank and loose corkscrew shaft. Bits with pointy two edges make it easier to create a neat and clean hole and exit point. However, these tips are usually coated in a special diamond-infused carbide coating that provides it with a heightened level of durability and resilience against friction. A spade bit or a paddle bit is another wood drill bit that you’ll find frequent use for in your home. When it comes to drilling metal, precision is often the key. If you have begun your search for the right drill, you may have discovered that there are hundreds of different drills available. The bit creates holes in wood to allow you to use it for wood plugs. BAM coating is Boron -Aluminum- Magnesium BAlMgB14 is a superhard ceramic coating also used in composite drilling. You can also see my guide to the best Forstner bit sets if you are thinking of getting one. The excellent craftsmanship that we see in images and videos isn’t possible without this particular power tool. It’s the same thing. The shape of the bit is a general one. Rivet bits are another specialized variety of drill bit that generally only have one purpose – to drill rivets. Also, it will further ensure the durability of the bits. As the name tells you, these are quite similar to the auger ones. You can check my masonry bit recommendations here. As you drill into the wood, you end up with the required size of a hole without having to change bits. With these, you can at best cut wooden objects. Wood Drill Bits. Brad-Point Drill Bit Whether you’re a professional who has a drill in hand daily or a DIYer who only picks up picks up a drill on weekends, you should know how to use the tool to its full capacity. They are designed to drill into wood better than other types of bits due to the tips and flutes that are made specifically for wood. Best Drill Bits for Wood. On the surface, a masonry bit looks like a twist bit with a similar shank and shaft. Even within the category of wooden drill bits, there are different types. In many cases, an auger bit will also have a hexagonal or a triangle shank to provide a more secure, stable connection with the chuck. This bit focuses on drilling wider holes than some of the other wood drill bits we’ve covered. If this sounds like something you might find useful, make sure to check my article about the best step drill bit sets one can get. You get all the features and benefits that auger bits come with. Forstner bits4. This allows these bits to make shallow bores as necessary while preserving the underlying pilot hole. Instead, only invest in the bits you know you’ll need for your most common DIY projects. Many brad point bits also come with rubber stoppers that allow users to create uniform hole depths. What I found during my research is that multiple types fall under two or more categories. Now, that said, installer twist drill bits are of course a type of twist drill bit, only more specialized and made for wiring including security and entertainment systems. These drill bits are specialized in zero damage drilling. There are no flutes on the bit similar to other ones. This guide will help you do just that, as well as learn about the best types for use on wood, metal, and concrete. Their design makes them perfect for boring long, straight holes, good for jobs like mortice locks and latches. As a general guide, avoid using high-speed steel drill bits on wood if the size is smaller than 1/8″. Shaped similar to a paddle known as long wood drill bits, it can create holes with a large diameter up to 1 inch in wooden workpieces. Typically, twist bits are made from “high-speed steel” or HSS, making them a viable option for drilling through most woods and plastics, as well as some thin metals. The bits’ design allows for these holes to have a very clean finish, as such making them ideal for use as finishing bits. The bit is up to 18 inches long. Cleaning waste material is comparatively easier using this one. From there, the user straightens out the bit while applying very little force to finish the bore. You can counterbore, countersink, and drill pilot using the same drill bit. Countersink bits are a specialized type of drill bit optimized for making beveled openings at the top of a pilot hole. However, it makes clean holes, so you don't have to pull it back and forth to clear the chips and dust from the hole. Lip & Spur Drill Bit To learn more about how the two compare, you can check this article. It’s the reason why you’ll need a thick drill bit to drill a hole in the concrete wall and a thin one for wood. However, in practice, these unique drill bits allow a user to gradually increase the size of an existing hole without needing to attach a new drill bit. If you’re a woodworker, you will appreciate the many different kinds of wood … You can also learn how to use Forstner bits here. As the drill bit has to endure a lot of pressure and force, it must be a durable one if you don't want to get the replacement sooner. Although there are variations of wood and metal drill bits, the most common type is known as the twist bit. As their name suggests, these drill bits are shaped like a traditional wood auger and are best suited for drilling large holes in hard, dry lumber. Woodworking of pretty much all types has to deal with drilling tools. Different drill bits come in different sizes and diameters. However, these holes usually come out rough in texture, making them better suited for use in places that will not be seen in the final product. Use the right bit that is recommended to use to be able to drill on specific materials to ensure efficiency. If you are looking for an all-purpose bit for home use, this would be the right choice. That being said, these bits perform this task better than any other thanks to their short shank length and narrow diameter. These are better able to resist wear and tear from routine use. The tip has a brad on its center that ensures the precision of drilling while leaving a clean exit point for the workpiece. Moreover, spade bits utilize a W-shaped tip similar to that of brad point bit, but on a larger scale. General purpose bits for drilling wood, plastic, steel etc. Wood Drill Bits for Rough Finish Applications. This type of drill bit has a thin, well-defined tip in the center for very precise drilling.This is because wood as a material is very soft and soft and they have to be very precise when drilling.. Manual Drill Bit. WoodEater® Bits – Designed for overhead work, rewiring and remodeling in all types of wood. This type can drill pilot, countersink and counterbore holes all at once. Special wood drill bits are required for larger holes to be cut with greater accuracy. Metal drilling will take a toll on your bits fast unless you invest in a durable material like titanium (check my recommendations). Some mentionable types are lip & spur drill bits, spade wood drill bits, spoon drill bits, etc. That’s a lot of choices, and the sheer number, with all of the types and fe… However, if you use a handheld drill, this bit might require putting some extra force from you. Countersink bits5. The arbor has a pilot bit to center, and makes the bit steady while drilling through objects. Helpful hint: One problem with twist drill bits is that they are more challenging to center on a precise mark. For occasional and light-duty projects, this should suffice the needs. Here are some common types of drill bits: – Twist Bits. Twist bits2. However, some hole saws come with a built-in shank and don't require a pilot bit. There are three basic types of wood drill bits. For using it on metals, make sure it’s made of bi-metal. twist bit - screwdriver bit - masonry - spur point - bullet pilot - countersink - tile - flat wood - hole saw - forstner - wood auger. Naturally, that means understanding the technique behind boring clean, even holes – regardless of what material you are working with. Compared to most bits, the hole remains neat and clean. They most commonly feature a ¼”” hex shank, come in a range from 6-38mm in diameter, and can be combined with … High-Speed Steel (HSS) drill bits are used for drilling wood, light metals, fiberglass and PVC. You can use it on a variety of surfaces, wood, plaster, and masonry without issues. Choosing the right drill type will also allow you to finish your projects more efficiently. When drilling wood, start a large hole with a 1/16 inch “pilot hole” to keep a big twist bit (over ¼ inch) on track. Some professionals address it as a counter sink drill bit. The twist drill bits are used mainly on plastic wood… In fact, its hollow center design cleans more chips than other bits. These drill bits have immense structural strength, which allows them to drill through even stainless steel and other tougher materials. 1. But if you intend on branching out to drill materials other than basic wood planks, you’re going to need to expand your arsenal of drill bits. While some people use them interchangeably with spade bits, there are considerable differences between the two. Alternatively, if you are only boring rivets, then a rivet bit will be a perfect fit for your needs. Types of drill. Not only that, but holes created with this kind of bit tend to come out very clean compared to standard drill bits. If you are planning to start your woodworking career or it’s just for DIY enthusiasm, you should know about these types. This type is a specialized kind of twisted bit that works for installing wirings. There are several types of drill you can choose from which can make it difficult to pick the right one for the task. In many cases, HSS bits of several types can also be found at a local hardware store without needing to special order anything. If you are to use a hole saw, be ready to get a lot of waste materials. Drilling hardened steel without the best drill bits for the job is near impossible. If all you want to do is drill small holes in wood and plasterboard and occasionally masonry, the best choice is a drill with hammer action.Pick one with an 18V battery or at least 550 watts for a corded model. In this set, you get 7 hex drill bits, 2 wood brad drill bits, 55 insert bits, 3 magnetic nut drivers, 2 … As there are differences in designs and materials, you will find different types of drill bits for wood that are used for creating holes of various sizes and shapes. So, consider your work purpose as well. As the name goes, these bits have carbide made tips. The finish in the hole comes flat and well-bottomed. check my article about the best step drill bit sets one can get, see my guide to the best Forstner bit sets, check my masonry bit recommendations here, check out my brad point drill bit set recommendations, 11 Best Corded Impact Wrenches to Get in 2020. This is the type that people most commonly use for drilling in wood, light metal, and plastic materials. Due to the saw shape design, this drill bit is often addressed as a hole saw. A 2 in 1 or 3 in one drill bit contains all the diameters of the drill bits you would usually use. The multi-purpose bit is designed to perform most drilling tasks well, making it a major asset to users who want to get a lot of use out of just a couple bits. Woodworkers use this particular bit to drill large holes to install door hardware and create a pass-through for wiring. For that reason, you should strongly consider investing in a step bit if you plan on drilling metal on a regular basis. However, these bits are not used like other bits, which call for straight forward insertion; instead, tile bits must be placed against the work surface at a 45-degree angle before the drill is initiated at a very slow speed. As carbides are extremely expensive, some manufacturers come up with the idea of making only the tip out of carbide. Titanium Step Cone Metal Drill Bits - These are now a very Brad point bits3. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Drillbits - the different types. The design of it allows you to overlap the holes. The first type of wood drill bit is a lip and spur bit, which are also known as dowel bits. To drill a satisfactory hole in any material, the correct type of drill bit must be used; it must be used correctly and be sharpened as appropriate. Spade Bits – Standard general purpose wood boring bits for all types of wood and fast holes. They are designed for general purpose drilling through plastic wood and some light metal. This is the most commonly used material in drill bits. The shape of the bit is a general one. However, these bits instead feature a hexagonal tip that makes them ideal for drilling through brick, concrete, and stone when used in a hammer drill. Larger-sized HSS drill bits work perfectly on higher-density woods, but our experience has been that smaller bit sizes break too easily. In terms of appearance, these bits are very short, with only a conical tip and little to no shaft. As a result, these bits are used almost exclusively for boring large holes through wood. Standard drill bits are made with high-speed steel (HSS), which works just fine in wood, plastic and most metals but doesn't last as long as some of the other materials. Twist drills have angles suited to drilling steel, but the cutting angles and geometry are not ideal for most other materials.Will drill a wide range of materials, but not with particularly good performance. Drill bits for wood can be categorized into many sections depending on material type, finishing, shapes, and manufacturing material. Spade drill bits are easy to distinguish visually based upon their broad, flat heads and lack of fluting. That’s one of the differences between Forstner and spade bits. Brad point bits also look like a twist bit at first glance, with a similar style of fluting and a comparable shank. Diamond edge bit is for cutting masonry. Most of the drill bits you will use on woodwork projects will have a bright finish. Wood Drill Bits. Compared to other ones, this is more durable and rigid and can even cut through nails without any damage. Using an expanded brad point tip with angle spurs and a distinguishable spike, spade bits are a drill bit type used exclusively for drilling large holes through wood. Also, keep in mind that different materials have different uses purposes. Other than specialized drill bits that are optimized for metal, glass, or tile, you can generally use any type of drill bit on wood. You can also attach additional wire to it, and pull through the hole easily. That being said, these bits must often be cooled with water and used only at a recommended RPM. Forstner bits, named after Benjamin Forstner who first patented the design, are bits that are suitable for making relatively large flat-bottom holes. You will need an arbor or mandrel with a shank to attach the bit. They’re designed to ensure that the drill cuts through the wood without causing splinters to chip off or splitting the wood entirely. Alternatively, cobalt bits are an extremely durable option that matches what many professionals use. There are extra-wide flutes and grooves around the bit that also channel away dust as well as chips. You will know which type is the right one for specific purposes. These bits are ideal for drilling wood, plastic, as well as thin metals. In all likelihood, your drill came with a starter set of bits that you’re plenty familiar with. When it comes to accurately drill through wooden workpieces, a brad-point bit is all you need. It won’t be sensible if I talk about a saw in an article that describes different drill bits. Use a countersink bit, also known as a screw pilot bit, to drill into wood. If this sounds like the type you need, make sure to check out my brad point drill bit set recommendations. You can see my favorite spade bit sets here. These bits are often covered in a titanium-nitrate coating to prevent excessive friction from damaging the metal edges, as well. Twist drill bits are an all-around great option for boring wood holes that are even and moderately clean, while auger bits excel at creating extra-large wood holes that are extra clean.
types of drill bits for wood 2021