1983 besuchte sie zuletzt Europa. Since 1982, Rev. [114] Franklin would visit them often. Sydney Pollacks Film über Aretha Franklins Auftritt in der New Bethel Baptitst Church in Watts, Los Angeles im Januar 1972, bei dem das Live-Album „Amazing Grace“ entstand, sollte eigentlich kurz darauf veröffentlicht werden, doch durch einen Fehler Pollacks war der Film kaum zu editieren und gelangte so niemals in die Kinos - bis vor kurzem. Franklin's follow-up albums for Atlantic, including Sweet Passion (1977), Almighty Fire (1978) and La Diva (1979), bombed on the charts,[citation needed] and in 1979 Franklin left the company. [citation needed] After Jerry Wexler left Atlantic for Warner Bros. Records in 1976, Franklin worked on the soundtrack to the film Sparkle with Curtis Mayfield. C. L. Franklin, 69, Dies After 5 Years in Coma", "Aretha Talks About Men, Marriage, Music & Motherhood", "Aretha Franklin Returns With Soulful CD, 'So Damn Happy, "Aretha Franklin collected news and commentary", Respect: The Very Best of Aretha Franklin, The Queen in Waiting: The Columbia Years (1960–1965), Rare & Unreleased Recordings from the Golden Reign of the Queen of Soul, The Atlantic Singles Collection 1967–1970, The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire), (Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone, It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be, American Music Award for Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist, Les Meres et Debutantes Club of Greater Lansing, NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Female Artist, Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aretha_Franklin&oldid=999640545, Activists for African-American civil rights, Burials at Woodlawn Cemetery (Detroit, Michigan), Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, United States National Medal of Arts recipients, Northern High School (Detroit, Michigan) alumni, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Pages using New York City Subway service templates, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 05:36. Franklin achieved a gold record—for the first time in seven years—with the 1982 album Jump to It. [148] During a phone interview with the Associated Press in late August 2013, Franklin stated that she had had a "miraculous" recovery from her undisclosed illness but had to cancel shows and appearances until her health was at 100%, estimating she was about "85% healed". The album sold well over a million copies thanks to the hits "Freeway of Love", the title track, and "Another Night". [72] In 1987, she issued her third gospel album, One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism, which was recorded at her late father's New Bethel church, followed by Through the Storm in 1989. Recorded in 1956 at the New Bethel Baptist Church, Detroit, Michigan. [39], In November 1966, Franklin's Columbia recording contract expired and she chose to move to Atlantic Records. Bei Columbia Records wurde 1960 ihre erste Popschallplatte veröffentlicht. However, C.L. Some of these releases were from the acclaimed albums Spirit in the Dark and Young, Gifted and Black. With her parents divorcing during her formative years and her mother dying when she was just 10, Aretha … [3][4], Her final Arista album, So Damn Happy, was released in 2003 and featured the Grammy-winning song "Wonderful". [46], In the 1960s, during a performance at the Regal Theater, WVON radio personality Pervis Spann announced that Franklin should be crowned "the Queen of Soul". Im Alter von 18 Jahren begann sie eine säkulare Musikkarriere als Plattenkünstlerin bei Columbia Records. [81] On September 29, 2014, Franklin performed to a standing ovation, with Cissy Houston as backup, a compilation of Adele's "Rolling in the Deep" and "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" on the Late Show with David Letterman. A Grammy Celebration for the Queen of Soul, "Jennifer Hudson to play Aretha Franklin in Biopic: 'U Have No Idea How Humbled I Am, "Jennifer Hudson Shines as Aretha Franklin in 'Respect' Trailer (Watch)", "Respect trailer released – Aretha Franklin Biopic in UK cinemas 22 Jan 2021", "National Geographic Taps Suzan-Lori Parks as Executive Producer and Showrunner for 'Genius: Aretha Franklin, "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire", "Queen of Soul's Father Rev. Erst nach ihrem Tod konnte der Dokumentarfilm Aretha Franklin: Amazing Grace mit Einverständnis ihrer Familie gezeigt werden. The follow-up, 1981's Love All the Hurt Away, included her famed duet of the title track with George Benson, while the album also included her Grammy-winning cover of Sam & Dave's "Hold On, I'm Comin'". Records. In 1987, she became the first female performer to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In einem Werbespot der Schokoriegel-Marke Snickers für das deutsche Fernsehen (2010) verkörperte Franklin eine Diva. [141], In 2010, Franklin canceled a number of concerts to have surgery for an undisclosed tumor. Jail is hell to be in. [54][55][56] Franklin toured outside the US for the first time in May, including an appearance at the Concertgebouw, Amsterdam, where she played to a near-hysterical audience who covered the stage with flower petals. [17][16] Aretha's mother died of a heart attack on March 7, 1952, before Aretha's 10th birthday. She launched a multi-city tour in mid-2014, starting with a performance on June 14 in New York at Radio City Music Hall. 1998 sprang sie für Luciano Pavarotti ein und sang Puccinis Opernarie Nessun dorma. [164] The August 31 Homegoing Service held at Greater Grace Temple in Detroit, included multiple tributes by celebrities, politicians, friends and family members and was streamed by some news agencies[165] such as Fox News, CNN, The Word Network, BET and MSNBC. Ihr Nummer-eins-Hit Respect aus dem Jahr 1967 wurde zu einer Hymne der afroamerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung und schon bald zu einem der bedeutendsten Soul-Klassiker. 1956 erschien ihre erste Schallplatte, ein Gospelalbum. She was 76. 'Respect' is as precise an artifact as a Ming vase". [98], According to Richie Unterberger, Franklin was "one of the giants of soul music, and indeed of American pop as a whole. [144] Later the same month, she canceled two June concerts and planned to "resume her touring schedule in July". [20] She also attended public school in Detroit, going through her freshman year at Northern High School, but dropping out during her sophomore year. New Bethel Baptist Church is a Baptist church located at 8450 C. L. Franklin Boulevard (also called Linwood Street) in Detroit, Michigan. By the mid-1960s, Franklin was making $100,000 per year from countless performances in nightclubs and theaters. She then returned to the Detroit suburb of Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, to be close to her siblings and ailing father. [53] On February 16, Franklin was honored with a day named for her and was greeted by longtime friend Martin Luther King Jr., who gave her the SCLC Drum Beat Award for Musicians two months before his death. [103], From her time growing up in the home of a prominent African-American preacher to the end of her life, Franklin was immersed and involved in the struggle for civil rights and women's rights. [42] "Rock-a-Bye" became her first international hit, reaching the top 40 in Australia and Canada. Her father was a Baptist minister and circuit preacher originally from Shelby, Mississippi, while her mother was an accomplished piano player and vocalist. [57] She appeared on the cover of Time magazine in June.[58]. [103], On August 13, 2018, Franklin was reported to be gravely ill at her home in Riverfront Towers, Detroit. Aretha Franklin has won 18 Grammies, topped chart after chart and was the first woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. [145] A show scheduled for July 27 in Clarkston, Michigan, was canceled due to continued medical treatment. Franklin recorded 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top-ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries, and 20 number-one R&B singles. In 1969 Franklin was the subject of a criminal impersonation scheme. In 2020, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. [26] Ward also served as a role model to the young Aretha.[27][28]. Franklin's lawyers contacted Florida authorities and uncovered a coercive scheme in which the singer, Vickie Jones, had been threatened with violence and constrained into impersonating her idol, whom she resembled closely both in voice and looks. Many wore Aretha Franklin tribute T-shirts, including a group of 24 from Toledo, wearing purple T-shirts with an image of Franklin. Ende der 1960er-Jahre wurde sie zu einer der Ikonen der schwarzen Musik und erhielt ihren Beinamen „Queen of Soul“. Die Zeit bezeichnete den Song als „Manifest des schwarzen Befreiungskampfes“. [76] The following year, she issued the holiday album This Christmas, Aretha, on DMI Records. [138] Discussing the surgery in 2011, she quoted her doctor as saying that it would "add 15 to 20 years" to her life. The tribute concluded with a rendition of her 1968 hit, "A Natural Woman (You Make Me Feel Like)," performed by Fantasia Barrino-Taylor, Andra Day and Yolanda Adams. At the age of 18, she embarked on a secular-music career as a recording artist for Columbia Records. Before signing with Columbia, Sam Cooke tried to persuade Franklin's father to sign her with his label, RCA, but his request was denied. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/16/opinion/aretha-franklin-church-detroit.html 2003 beendete sie ihre Zusammenarbeit mit dem Label Arista Records und gründete ein eigenes Label Aretha. Ihr Vater Clarence LaVaughn Franklin war ein bekannter Baptistenprediger. C.L. Franklin preached and partied at the New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit. In 2015, then-President Barack Obama wrote the following regarding Franklin: Nobody embodies more fully the connection between the African-American spiritual, the blues, R. & B., rock and roll — the way that hardship and sorrow were transformed into something full of beauty and vitality and hope. [19] During this time, Aretha learned how to play piano by ear. Recording equipment was installed inside New Bethel Baptist Church and nine tracks were recorded. Kurz darauf kehrte sie zu einem großen Label zurück und veröffentlichte 2014 auf RCA Records ein Coveralbum mit Pop- und Soulklassikern, wie beispielsweise der von Prince geschriebene Song Nothing Compares 2 U. Aretha Franklin hielt lange den Rekord für die meisten Singles in den US-amerikanischen Charts, sie gehörte zu den Künstlern mit den meisten verkauften Tonträgern weltweit. [112] Franklin did not like to discuss her early pregnancies with interviewers. [134][135], Franklin had weight issues for many years. confers 3,243 degrees at 309th Commencement", "Aretha Franklin Continues Streak of No. Here's What That Means", "Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Cancer vs. Pancreatic Cancer", "Aretha Franklin: Tributes flow in for Queen of Soul", "Aretha Franklin: The sound of the civil rights movement", "Aretha Franklin: Date set for Detroit funeral", "Aretha Franklin: thousands pay respects to 'Queen of Soul' in Detroit", "Aretha Franklin's Funeral Live Streams: Watch | Pitchfork", "Shirley Caesar at Aretha Franklin's funeral", "Aretha Franklin's funeral: Ariana Grande, Bill Clinton, Chaka Khan, Jennifer Hudson, Stevie Wonder pay tribute", "Aretha Franklin's funeral: Gladys Knight, Stevie Wonder offer stirring final tributes", "Rev. C.L. Franklin also had an acclaimed guest role as a soul food restaurant proprietor and wife of Matt "Guitar" Murphy in the 1980 comedy musical The Blues Brothers. [115] Her third child, Ted White Jr., was born to Franklin and her then-husband Theodore "Ted" White in February 1964[116] and is known professionally as Teddy Richards. Im Jahr 1999 wurde das Album remastert und erweitert und enthielt so alle Aufnahmen von beiden Abenden. The album yielded Franklin's final top-40 hit of the decade, "Something He Can Feel", which also peaked at number one on the R&B chart. [89][90] She returned to Detroit's Ford Field on Thanksgiving Day 2016 to once again perform the national anthem before the game between the Minnesota Vikings and Detroit Lions. Clarence Franklin, Aretha Franklin's oldest son, was born when Franklin was just 12-years-old. Over one billion people worldwide saw the performance, and she received an immediate standing ovation. [181] Franklin became the second woman inducted to the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. She first became pregnant at the age of 12 and gave birth to her first child, named Clarence after her father,[109] on January 28, 1955. Ihr musikalisches Spektrum umfasste auch R&B, Gospel, Jazz, Pop und Dance. Her father, the Rev. Franklin was also the father of the American singer and songwriter Aretha Franklin. Despite the success of the single "Angel", the album bombed[citation needed] upon its release in 1973. [90] Franklin later recalled the 2015 Kennedy Center Honors as one of the best nights of her life. [104] When Angela Davis was jailed in 1970, Franklin told Jet: "Angela Davis must go free ... Black people will be free. Als schließlich digitale Lösungen die Fertigstellung erlaubten, verweigerte Aretha Franklin die Erlaubnis zur Aufführung. [78] In 2011, under her own label, Aretha's Records, she issued the album Aretha: A Woman Falling Out of Love. In ihren Arista-Jahren nahm sie viele Duette auf, unter anderem I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me) mit George Michael, Sisters Are Doin’ It for Themselves mit den Eurythmics, Gimme Your Love mit James Brown und Through the Storm mit Elton John. Aretha Franklin: Amazing Grace (englischer Originaltitel Amazing Grace) ist ein US-amerikanischer Musik-und Dokumentarfilm aus dem Jahr 2018 über ein Kirchenkonzert von Aretha Franklin im Jahr 1972, der aus dem Originalfilmmaterial von Warner Bros. entstand. [101] Critic Randy Lewis assessed her skills as a pianist as "magic" and "inspirational". Other Versions (5 of 39) View All. Label executive John H. Hammond later said he felt Columbia did not understand Franklin's early gospel background and failed to bring that aspect out further during her period there. [100] According to David Remnick, what "distinguishes her is not merely the breadth of her catalog or the cataract force of her vocal instrument; it's her musical intelligence, her way of singing behind the beat, of spraying a wash of notes over a single word or syllable, of constructing, moment by moment, the emotional power of a three-minute song. [212], On January 29, 2018, Gary Graff confirmed that Jennifer Hudson will play Franklin in an upcoming biopic. Aretha moved back to Detroit in late 1982 to assist with the care of her father, who died at Detroit's New Light Nursing Home on July 27, 1984. [2] Aretha wuchs mit vier Geschwistern in der Industriemetropole Detroit (US-Bundesstaat Michigan) auf. Her sister Carolyn died in April 1988 from breast cancer, while eldest sister Erma died from throat cancer in September 2002. März 1942 in Memphis, Tennessee geboren. Er war der Vater der „Queen of Soul“ Aretha Franklin. She asked to hear Pavarotti's rehearsal recording, and after listening, agreed that she could sing it in the tenor range that the orchestra was prepared to play in. Franklin was signed as a "five-percent artist". [123][124] She and Wilkerson had been engaged twice before. In 1971, Franklin became the first R&B performer to headline Fillmore West, later that year releasing the live album Aretha Live at Fillmore West. [2] 2008 erschien ihr erstes Weihnachtsalbum This Christmas Aretha. [131], Franklin was a Christian[132][133] and was a registered Democrat. [149] Franklin later returned to live performing, including a 2013 Christmas concert at Detroit's MotorCity Casino Hotel. [36] At the age of 16, Franklin went on tour with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and she would ultimately sing at his funeral in 1968. Franklin's final top 40 single was 1998's "A Rose Is Still a Rose". [63] Franklin's career began to experience problems while recording the album, Hey Now Hey, which featured production from Quincy Jones. [15] At that time, Barbara Franklin returned to Buffalo with Aretha's half-brother, Vaughn. Januar 2009 sang sie anlässlich der, 2012 wurde sie in die Gospel Music Hall of Fame der. [187] Inducted to the GMA Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2012, Franklin was described as "the voice of the civil rights movement, the voice of black America". Franklin's first Columbia single, "Today I Sing the Blues",[39] was issued in September 1960 and later reached the top 10 of the Hot Rhythm & Blues Sellers chart. [49][50] In January 1967, she traveled to Muscle Shoals, Alabama, to record at FAME Studios and recorded the song "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)", backed by the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section. Die Aufnahmen wurden von einem Filmteam um den Regisseur Sydney Pollack gefilmt. Stevie Wonder, Jesse Jackson and ex-husband Glynn Turman visited her on her deathbed. [10], Aretha Louise Franklin was born on March 25, 1942, to Barbara (née Siggers) and Clarence LaVaughn "C. L." Franklin. Aretha Franklin erlag am 16. [99] Franklin's voice was described as being a "powerful mezzo-soprano voice". [8] 1999 erschien ihre Autobiografie From These Roots. A small boy was so touched by her performance that he came onto the stage and embraced her while Franklin was still singing. Franklin's grandmother "Big Mama" helped raise Clarence. [191] In 2018, Franklin was inducted in to the Memphis Music Hall of Fame. [48] By 1964, Franklin began recording more pop music, reaching the top 10 on the R&B chart with the ballad "Runnin' Out of Fools" in early 1965. [216], On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Aretha Franklin among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal Studios fire. Franklin's nephew Vaughan complained of Williams: "He spoke for 50 minutes and at no time did he properly eulogize her. Franklin was a Kennedy Center Honoree in 1994, recipient of the National Medal of Arts in 1999, recipient of the American Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award presented by Awards Council member Coretta Scott King,[177][178][179] and was bestowed the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2005. Bek… In rich detail, she paints a vivid picture of a Detroit long gone: the storefront churches, the basement parties, the explosive R&B shows. She eventually settled in Encino, Los Angeles, where she lived until 1982. [1] She had often been described as a great singer and musician due to "vocal flexibility, interpretive intelligence, skillful piano-playing, her ear, her experience". Dort konnte sie mit weiteren Nummer-eins-Hits und Grammys an frühere Erfolge anknüpfen. [213] Franklin's biopic RESPECT is expected to be released in January 2021 in various countries. Jasper Williams under fire for remarks during Aretha Franklin's funeral", "Reverend accused of bigotry, misogyny after fiery eulogy for Aretha Franklin", "Aretha Franklin funeral: pastor offends family after he didn't 'properly eulogize her'", "Aretha's tomb is open to the public and fans are paying their respects", "Aretha Franklin interred at Detroit cemetery", "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "Photos: 1999: Aretha Franklin performs a concert honoring the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., at Washington National Cathedral during an outing for the American Academy of Achievement's Summit held in Washington, D.C.; Aretha Franklin greets civil rights pioneer Coretta Scott King after her performance at the Washington National Cathedral", "Photo: 2012: Queen of Soul Aretha Franklin is joined onstage by Awards Council member General Colin Powell during her memorable musical performance to close the evening of the 50th annual Banquet of the Golden Plate ceremonies", "Michigan Rock and Roll Legends – ARETHA FRANKLIN", "Rhythm & Blues Music Hall of Fame 2015 Induction Ceremony Was A Big Hit", "Announcement of the 2019 Pulitzer Prize Winners", "Aretha Franklin makes history with posthumous Pulitzer win", "Stars To Join For Aretha Franklin Tribute", "The Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists (20-01)", "Soul singer Aretha Franklin 'seriously ill' and 'surrounded by family' says close source", "Aretha Franklin remembered by Sarasota's Jerry Wexler, her legendary producer", "The 35 Greatest R&B Artists Of All Time", "New York University Holds 182nd Commencement at Yankee Stadium", "Yale's 309th Commencement: Pomp, ceremony and r-e-s-p-e-c-t", "Aretha Franklin Unable to Attend 241st Commencement Sunday", "Commencement 2007: Commencement Speaker and Honorary Degree Recipients", "Aretha Franklin's 5 Most Impressive Career Achievements", "Aretha Franklin to receive honorary degree Nov. 5", "Aretha Franklin Receives Honorary Degree From Harvard University", "NYC Subway Stations Pay Tribute to Aretha Franklin With 'Respect' Signs", "New Yorkers pay tribute to Aretha Franklin on MTA subway stations", "2018 AMAs Aretha Franklin Tribute Brings Out Gladys Knight, Ledisi, Mary Mary and More", "Gladys Knight performs moving tribute to Aretha Franklin at the AMAs – Independent.ie", "All-Star Lineup To Pay Tribute At 'Aretha! [73], In 1995, she was selected to play Aunt Em in the Apollo Theater revival of The Wiz. She was praised for her arrangements and interpretations of other artists' hit songs. More than any other performer, she epitomized soul at its most gospel-charged". [43] Also during that period, she appeared on rock-and-roll shows such as Hollywood A Go-Go and Shindig!. [138] A former chain smoker who struggled with alcoholism, she quit smoking in 1992. [60] She returned to Gospel music in a two-night, live-church recording, with the album Amazing Grace, in which she reinterpreted standards such as Mahalia Jackson's "How I Got Over". Her hit recording “Respect” became an anthem of the civil rights struggle and of the nascent women’s movement. [183], In 2010 Franklin was ranked first on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time"[8] and ninth on their list of "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". She was a friend of Pavarotti, and had sung the selection two nights prior at the annual MusiCares event. [142] On May 19, 2011, Franklin had her comeback show at the Chicago Theatre. She denied that the ailment had anything to do with pancreatic cancer, as had been reported. Record label owner Berry Gordy was also looking to sign Franklin and her elder sister Erma to his Tamla label. During this time, Franklin would occasionally travel with The Soul Stirrers. [82] Franklin's cover of "Rolling in the Deep" was featured among nine other songs in her first RCA release, Aretha Franklin Sings the Great Diva Classics, released in October 2014. [69] The following year, she released "Get It Right", produced by Luther Vandross. [16], 1972 nahm Franklin an zwei Abenden das Live-Album Amazing Grace auf: Es entstand in der Atmosphäre eines Live-Konzerts mit Publikum in der New Temple Missionary Baptist Church in Los Angeles. 2011 erschien auf ihrem eigenen label Aretha. [ 27 ] [ 189 Asteroid. 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A 2013 Christmas concert at Detroit 's MotorCity Casino Hotel als Plattenkünstlerin Columbia. Und Lieder von Aretha Franklin - Songs of Faith auf Discogs rate perform... Family memorials was a friend of Pavarotti, and he turned Gordy down 8 ] 1999 erschien Autobiografie. Native American rights 30 ] he also helped her sign her first deal... Also was inducted in to the Memphis Music Hall of Fame umfasste auch R & B artist of time... Expected rate to perform the father of the 1960s 1995, she became the first performer... ' hit Songs recording contract expired and she received an immediate standing ovation he provided guitar backing for mother! Bekam ihren ersten Sohn Clarence 1955 im Alter von zwölf Jahren, den zweiten Sohn Edward 1957 mit vierzehn.... Ersten Sohn Clarence 1955 im Alter von zwölf Jahren, den zweiten Edward...

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