This collision of land and sea gives way every so often to lovely beaches of various lengths, some of them encased by the bluffs. The court ruled that Chile did not have to discuss granting Bolivia sea access.[24]. The same telluric displacements that created the Peru-Chile Trench make the country highly prone to earthquakes. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. Chile’s geographical location allows the country to experience many different weather patterns and geographical structures. Their history began when the first Jesuits arrived in Chile. The total land size is 756,102 km2 (291,933 sq mi). [27] This ruling severely impacted fishers in the country. Their deep Transverse Valleys provide broad areas for cattle raising and, most important, fruit growing, an activity that has developed greatly since the mid-1970s. The border disputes between Chile and Argentina deal with the Patagonia region. These shrines are called Animitas and they are particularly common along rural highways or in lower-income towns. They are famous for their lobster and the fact that one of the islands, Robinson Crusoe Island, is where Alexander Selkirk, the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's novel, was marooned for about four years. In 2014, the International Court of Justice's ruling resulted in Chile losing 80 miles from Chile's northwestern ocean zone. Between the coastal mountains and the ocean, many areas of central Chile contain stretches of land that are lower than the Central Valley and are generally quite flat. Physical Landscapes. LHS-CAT. Nearly all Chilean pisco is produced in the near north. [18] On the first Sunday of October, the town of Andacollo celebrates their saint with La Fiesta Chico. Main characteristics of the physical geography of Chile are described, with emphasis on the geologic and climatic changes that affected the biome configuration since the Devonian onwards. The climate is of the temperate Mediterranean type, with the amount of rainfall increasing considerably and progressively from north to south. Physical Geography. 97.59% (2012), Irrigated land: The inner region of Chile has a snow climate. The northern part of the country has a desert-like and arid climate, the central part has a Mediterranean-like climate, while the south has a more oceanic climate. The Andes Mts. Canada: roughly half the size of Quebec Thank you for becoming a member. In May 2010 Chile became the first South American member of OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). New investments during the 1980s in these industries transformed the rural economy of the region. Geographically, the aridity can be explained by the following conditions: Average monthly temperatures range at sea level between about 20.5 °C (68.9 °F) during the summer and about 14 °C (57.2 °F) during the winter. The majestically snowcapped Andes and their pre-cordillera elevations provide an ever-present backdrop to much of the scenery, but there are other, albeit less formidable, mountains as well. The winter rains and the melting of the snow that accumulates on the Andes produce rivers whose flow varies with the seasons, but which carry water year-round. Approaching the present time, the effects of the Pleistocene glaciations in the distribution of several communities are discussed. In this lake district of Chile, the valley between the Andes and the coastal range is closer to sea level, and the hundreds of rivers that descend from the Andes form lakes, some quite large, as they reach the lower elevations. The central part of Chile has a warmer climate that reaches up to 82.4 °F. Physical Geography of Chile Thursday, April 18, 2013. This is because they both claim boundary coastal lines. The best known of Chile's Pacific Islands is Easter Island (Isla de Pascua, also known by its Polynesian name of Rapa Nui), with a population of 2,800 people. The countries of Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana share a _?_. This has left Bolivia landlocked since 1904. The virtually constant wind from the South Pacific Ocean makes the air feel much colder. Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. Andes. A colourful map of Chile showing physical features. They have grown to be the densely populated urban conurbations they are known for today. Chile's top 3 importing partners are China, the United States, and Brazil. These churches date back to the early 17th century. Due to this fact, Chile’s climate has simply been divided into sections: Northern, Central, and Southern. It is 4,270 km (2,653 mi), but only averages 177 km (110 mi) east to west. The disagreements began when Argentina maps started to include part of the southern ice-fields. To the East is Argentina and the Atlantic ocean and to the west is the Pacific ocean. Industrial cities, such as Concepción and Talcahuano, began as colonial centers in the 1600s. The land Bolivia lost to Chile more than a century ago is now home to some of the biggest copper mines in the world. The latter two had rich nitrate deposits. located on the west coast of South America; smaller than twice the size of Montana ; Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru border this country; The south Pacific Ocean borders the west side ; Tierra del Fuego is at the southernmost tip of Chile; Landscape and Geography. The book's English translator renders this term as "extravagant." In 2008, Peru took Chile to court over their maritime disputes. [3] In 2009, 12,037,290 living in urban parts of Chile actually had functioning facilities in their home, while 403,276 people did not have proper facilities in their dwelling. There are more than 60 churches, but 16 of them are recognized as world heritage sites by UNESCO as well as national monuments in Chile. Chile which is a long narrow country on the western side of South America holds about 17.2 million people in its country. Chile and Japan were previously in Economic Partnership Agreements. Environment - international agreements: The numerous rivers greatly increase their flow as a result of the winter rains and the spring melting of the Andean snows, and they contract considerably in the summer. Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Geography - note: Geography of Chile : official name, capital, main cities in Chile, area (756,700.00 km²), climate (The vast length of Chile accounts for its various climates. This is located the north above Santiago, the Atacama Desert has temperatures of up to 90 °F. total: It caused a tsunami that decimated several fishing villages in the south and raised or lowered sections of the coast as much as two meters. Atlas of the Physical and Political History of Chile (Plates, Volume 2) WDL3980.pdf 900 × 1,141, 136 pages; 10.67 MB. A fantastic resource for the classroom or home, which is perfect for geographical studies. Chile is a country located in the southwestern part of South America. strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama desert is one of world's driest regions, The distribution of population is very condensed around the capital, Santiago, where approximately 90% of the people live. Chile is situated along the Southwestern coast of South America; It is about the same distance from Egypt to Tanzania in Africa. [34], Located on the west coast of South America, Chile has a total area of 756,102 km2. Since Chile extends from a point about 625 km (388 mi) north of the Tropic of Capricorn to a point hardly more than 1,400 km (870 mi) north of the Antarctic Circle, a broad selection of the Earth's climates can be found in this country. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Ch.9 quiz 30 Terms. 1.80% The area just north and south of Santiago is a large producer of fruits, including the grapes from which the best Chilean wines are made. A. the Andes B. a tropical rain forest C. a highland plateau D. the Plata River system _____ 8. Its neighboring countries are Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. Earthquakes are common in Chile due to the country's location on the Nazca Plate and South American Plate. This is the case with the huemul, a large deer, and the Chilean condor, the largest bird of its kind; both animals are on the national coat of arms. Consumer and Industrial export products enter Chile duty-free as well. Chile has no intention of giving up any land to Bolivia, but is very open to coastal access negotiations. Geography. Chile . Although the ocean's surface obscures this fact, most of Chile lies at the edge of a profound precipice. At nearly 2,700 miles, Chile's length from north to south is about the same distance as the United States' width from east to west. The summer months average 11.1 °C (52.0 °F), and the winter months average 2.5 °C (36.5 °F). [43], South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "UNdata | record view | Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence", "UNdata | record view | Average annual rate of population change (percentage)", "UNdata | record view | Total fertility rate (live births per woman)", "UNdata | record view | Infant mortality rate, for both sexes combined (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)", "Chile Faces Latin America's Migrant Future", "Pious families sponsor informal shrines to Virgins, Christ, and saints", "Joining Chile's Largest Religious Gathering: the Andacollo Festival", "Animitas: Roadside Shrines across Chile are ubiquitos reminders of tragedy", "Churches of Chiloe: architectural wealth in the southernmost part of the world", "Bolivia Takes Sea Access Dispute with Chile to International Court of Justice", "Bolivia-Chile land dispute has deep roots", "Bolivia Sea Dispute: UN rules in Chile's Favor", "Chile, Peru, and the ICJ Boundary Settlement", "Court Grants Peru Ocean Territory Claimed by Chile", "Argentina revives long time border dispute with Chile in Patagonian ice fields", "Chile (CHL) - Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners", "Scientists Warn of the Imminent Depletion of Ground Water in Chile's Atacama Desert", "Brazil and China set to sign free trade deal year-end", "Asia-Pacific Trade Deal Signed by 11 Nations", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, "General piloting regulations and information", "Sailing along the Strait of Magellan or Drake Passage", "Sailing throughout Chilean Straits, Channels and Fjords", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Chile&oldid=996454228, Wikipedia articles with style issues from May 2015, Articles that may contain original research from May 2015, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The desert is located on the leeward side of the, An inversion layer is created by the cold, North: tripartite border with Bolivia and Peru, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:34. PLAY. The far south contains large expanses of pastures that are often used for raising sheep, even though overgrazing is an issue in some areas. Evo Morales, the former president of Bolivia, has argued that Bolivia's landlocked status has made the country endure great "historical injustice". [15], Due to Chile's high population density in urban cities like Santiago, housing developments started developing upwards. It receives much less precipitation; its annual total is only 438.5 mm (17 in), or a little more than what Valdivia receives in the month of June alone. This latter earthquake occurred on May 22, the day after another major quake measuring 7.25 on the Richter scale, and covered an extensive section of south-central Chile. Most of those forests were cut down to fuel the fires of the many foundries established since colonial times to exploit the abundant deposits of copper, silver, and nitrate found in the area. Valparaíso is located on the coast about 116 km northwest of Santiago. signed, but not ratified: Northern Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, which has one of the lowest rainfall totals in the world. It is a long strip of land in the south west region of South America. These narrow rivers have carved fertile valleys in which exuberant vegetation creates a stark contrast to the bone-dry hills. [37], As of 2011, Chile allocates 21.1% of its land to agriculture. Main characteristics of the physical geography of Chile are described, with emphasis on the geologic and climatic changes that affected the biome configuration since the Devonian onwards. Since 2015, 100% of U.S. imports have been entering Chile duty-free. World Geo Ch 9 South America 30 Terms. distribution of natural resources Upon what were the Moche, Mapuche, and Aymara societies based? Height : 0 m (Pacific Ocean) Max. Discover (and save!) A 2017 estimate has 8.881 million people working within the Chilean labor force, and 9.2% working within agriculture by occupation. daebaek. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography: Vol. Land: [4] 100% of the urban population has some form of access to sanitation facilities, while 90.9% of rural people have these facilities available. Note: In addition to physical geography, what else is a factor in defining countries' political borders? 7,801 km (4,847 mi) Climate Affecting Plants and Animals The climate in Cabo de Hornos, Chile consists of fairly cool temperatures throughout the year as well as consistent precipitation throughout the year coming in the form of rainfall. French Guiana share a _? _ the southernmost large city in the Andes a. South Pacific ocean, and French Guiana share a _? _ contains the Atacama desert has temperatures of to! Water rights for one of the land Chile devotes to agriculture enter duty-free... 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